Leadership as such is a hotly debated area of study. This is perhaps reflected in the numerous definitions of leadership that exist and have found favor from critics over time. Perhaps, a central point to leadership arises from this fact that leaders are seen as agents who are capable of defining the directions that a society should go through. The second point that arises side by side is that they can do this through the power vested in them. The power must be understood in terms of collective good and responsibility.
This will then be a limiting factor for many leaders because of their truncated vision of a society in which egalitarianism has no role to play. The third dimension is the follower base that they depend upon without which much of what they want to do would remain unachieved. The followers, therefore, have to be a highly unified and motivated group of people.
A fourth dimension relates to situation which also tells us that leadership cannot be a static concept as such. An interaction of all these facets is essential for the evolution of effective leadership.
Irrespective of whether it is a private sector organization or a public sector, this complex phenomenon is common to both and its application by the leadership is crucial to bring out the potential that organizations may have. Taking "legislative leadership", as an example, we can intuitively gauge as to why we do not have "leaders" ad infinitum in the public domain. Here, the central focus for legislative processes will be the concern as to how to achieve maximum societal good with the limited resources that legislators will have in their ambit. Balancing equity and efficiency, pragmatism and ethics - all require great persuasive capabilities in legislative leaders.
These are difficult propositions even in countries which have excelled in political finesse over hundreds of years. For developing countries, the task to bring all sections of the society together is that much more arduous because leadership in the political arena remains a scarce commodity.
It is but natural to suggest that leaders have to define very seriously as to what their business is and what strategy they must develop, individually and collectively, to achieve their mission. And all this, to build a cohesive society and not a fragmented one.
The programme's primary objective is, then, to equip the participants with an understanding of the theoretical and practical aspects of leadership. The focus essentially will be to highlight the complexities that surround leadership and possible ways and means to overcome them. With the inputs provided, it is expected that the participants would be in a position to address organizational problems from differing perspectives not tried out before.